2 edition of Water utilization and conservation by petroleum refineries in California found in the catalog.
Water utilization and conservation by petroleum refineries in California
Curtis D. Edgerton
Bibliography: p. 19-24.
|Statement||by Curt D. Edgerton, Jr.|
|Series||United States. Bureau of Mines. Information circular, 8270, Information circular (United States. Bureau of Mines) ;, 8270.|
|LC Classifications||TN295 .U4 no. 8270|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||24|
|LC Control Number||65065646|
Desalting is used to remove salt, minerals, grit, and water from crude oil feedstocks before refining. Asphalt blowing is used for polymerizing and stabilizing asphalt to improve its weathering characteristics. Feedstock And Product Handling - The refinery feedstock and product handling operations consist of unloading, storage, blending. refineries has continued to shrink from about to the current This decrease has been due in part to increasing requirements placed on the facilities for producing cleaner fuels along with a number of mandated federal and state clean air and water regulations. Processes involved in refining crude oil.
Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5; End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value; Nov: 11/ . California was in the midst of an oil boom. Crude prices had soared above $ per barrel, and pump jacks, pipes, and power lines snaked across the .
It is estimated that US petroleum refineries have a gross water use of billion gallons a day. However, the water intake to refineries is only billion gallons a day. This indicates a substantial re-use or recirculation of water and extensive conservation of intake water from external sources. Valero: Houston Refinery Uses Plant-Wide Assessment to Develop an Energy Optimization and Management System. Full Record; Other Related Research; Abstract. This Industrial Technologies Program case study describes an energy assessment team's recommendations for saving $5 million in energy, water, and other costs at an oil refinery in Houston.
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Information circular) by Edgerton, Curtis D (ISBN:) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible : Curtis D Edgerton. Water utilization and conservation by petroleum refineries in California. [Washington] U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines  (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Curtis D Edgerton.
• Overview water usage in petroleumOverview water usage in petroleum refineries. • Discuss drivers for water conservationDiscuss drivers for water conservation. • Review opportunities to reduce water consumption: – Matching supply quality to the demand need.
– Utilization of municipal wastewater. – Zero discharge Size: KB. Trends in refinery capacity and utilization: petroleum refineries in the United States foreign refinery exporting centers through June / (Washington: Dept. of Energy, Assistant Secretary for Resource Applications, Office of Oil and Natural Gas Supply Development ; Springfield, Va.: for sale by the National Technical Information Service.
The report showed that inCalifornia refineries used approximately L of net consumptive water per liter of crude (including fresh water, recycled water, degraded water, and waste water).
However, the freshwater consumption was about L water/L crude, with a maximum of L water/L crude and a minimum of by: Overall refinery water balance Many of the processes in a petroleum refinery use water, however, not each process needs raw or treated water, and water can be cascaded or reused in many places.
A large portion of the water used in a petroleum refinery can be continually recycled with in a refinery. There are losses to the. As a result of California’s warmer climate, the state uses summer-blend gasoline for a longer period during the year than elsewhere in the nation.
Isolated Nature of the California Fuels Market Under normal conditions, California refiners produce enough gasoline to meet demand inside the state. California refineries also export gasoline.
“The use of recycled water in California is part of an integrated water management approach that includes water conservation, capture and use of stormwater, aquifer storage and recovery, and other strategies to achieve a sustainable and reliable long-term water supply.” Recycled Water Policy Staff Report.
Figure 1. Capacity and actual crude intake of the U.S. petroleum refining industry between andexpressed in million barrels/day of crude oil intake. Source: Energy Information Administration. The U.S.
petroleum refining industry has grown over the past 60 years by about 2%/year, on average. Water Reclamation Requirements for Recycled Water Use. On June 7,the proposed Water Reclamation Requirements for Recycled Water Use was adopted by the State Water Board.
Effective date of this permit is August 6, This permit will replace the existing statewide Waste Discharge Requirements for Recycled Water Use (DWQ). This book emphasises that nearly every aspect of modern life is impacted by oil and gas.
Oil is used for fuels that drive our vehicles. Power stations burn oil and gas to produce electricity, oil and gas are used to create medicines, plastics, textiles, cosmetics and many other products that enhance our lives.
California drivers are facing the prospect of paying $4 a gallon at the pump for the first time in five years after its refineries were hit by a series of breakdowns. Water is a precious and limited resource, especially in drought-prone California where the next dry period could be right around the corner.
As a result, water conservation and the efficient use of California’s water supply are major priorities for the State. The Petroleum Refining Industry INDUSTRY OVERVIEW The petroleum refining industry uses the largest quantity of premium fuels in the industrial sec-tor, amounting to 2,7 Quads in ’ It is sec-ond only to the chemicals industry in the total amount of energy it consumes.
Classified under the petroleum refining industry is defined. Economic Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry U.S. Petroleum Refinery Geographic Distribution and Trends Number and Distribution of Refineries Trends in the Number of Refineries Economic Profile The FRS Companies The major use of water in a petroleum refinery is for cooling.
Rela tively small quantities of water are used for boiler feed, processing, sanitary services, fire protection, and miscellaneous purposes. Simon- sen () noted that a typibarrels-per-day refinery gener ates more than 1, million Btu.
water, desert sands, palm trees, vast farm lands, miles of mountain ranges and all creating a huge habitat. California also has oil reserves and oil refineries contributing to the State’s industrial economy.
We share a vision that California industry can coexist in environmental harmony with the state’s valued air, land and water resources. New Grass‐Roots Refineries in U.S. Simple refineries near oil production Kinder Morgan, Galena Park, TX –50, bpd (condensate splitter) Dakota Prairie Refinery –20, bpd Bakken crude topping unit with diesel hydrotreating •Meridian Energy Group near Belfield, ND o 49, bpd refinery.
Occupational employment: petroleum and coal products, except petroleum refining industry, May / (Washington, D.C.: The Bureau, ), by Paul Chester and United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (page images at HathiTrust) Petroleum refineries in foreign countries, Water and Energy Efficiency Case Studies in EPA Region 9.
A petroleum refinery operated by ConocoPhillips in Billings, Montana is the first in the nation to earn the ENERGY STAR for superior energy refinery's design, operations and maintenance practices place the refinery in the top 25 percent of refineries nationwide in terms of energy efficiency.
Deposits of oil are found in 30 States, but the vast majority (86 percent) of onshore oil production is concentrated in Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Wyoming, California, Kansas, and New Mexico (fig.
1A). In the American Petroleum Institute sponsored a preliminary nationwide reconnaissance of measurable.Table 1. Number and Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries by PAD District and State as of January 1, Deasphalting Solvent Fuels Desulfurization Hydrotreating/ Reforming Catalytic Cracking Hydro-Catalytic Fresh Recycled Catalytic Cracking Downstream Charge Capacity (Barrels per Stream Day) Cracking Thermal Distillation Vacuum State and.An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
Petrochemicals feed stock like ethylene and propylene can also be produced directly by cracking crude oil .